When it comes to professional Persian rug cleaning, there are generally three different stages that need to be completed. These include pre-treatment, actual cleaning, and post-treatment. Each of these stages is important in order to ensure that your rug is properly cleaned and maintained.
Pre-treatment: This stage is important because it helps to prepare the rug for the actual cleaning process. During this stage, we will inspect the rug and treat any areas that may be particularly dirty or stained. This step is important because it ensures that the rug is as clean as possible before the main cleaning process begins.
Actual cleaning: This is the most important stage of professional Persian rug cleaning. During this stage, we will use special cleaners and equipment to clean the rug deeply. This step is important because it removes all of the dirt, dust, and stains from the rug.
Post-treatment: This stage is important because it helps to protect the rug after it has been cleaned. During this stage, we will apply a special coating to the rug that will help to repel dirt and stains. This step is important because it helps to keep your rug looking its best for longer.
Let’s look into the separate stages of Persian rug cleaning in more detail:
IDENTIFYING THE TYPE OF RUG
We will firstly conduct a thorough examination of your rug to identify its origins. This will ensure that we use the right products and techniques on your rug to retain its structure, integrity and longevity.
There are many factors to consider when identifying a rug. The most important factor is the design. The design of a rug can give you many clues about its origins and history. Other factors that can help you identify a rug include the materials used, the colours, the patterns, and the weaving techniques.
When looking at the design of a rug, one of the first things to notice is the overall pattern. Is it geometric or floral? Is it symmetrical or asymmetrical? Geometric designs are often found in Persian rugs, while floral designs are more common in Turkish rugs. Symmetrical designs are usually found in older rugs, while asymmetrical designs are more common in modern rugs.
The colours of a rug can also be helpful in identifying it. Natural dyes were typically used in older rugs, while synthetic dyes are more common in modern rugs. Older rugs often have muted colours, while newer rugs may have brighter colours.
The materials used in a rug can also give you some clues about its identity. Wool is the most common material used in hand-woven rugs, but silk is sometimes used as well. The type of wool can also be helpful in identifying a rug. For example, Persian rugs are often made with lamb’s wool, while Turkish rugs are more likely to be made with goat’s wool.
The patterns on a rug can also help you identify it. Common patterns include the Herati, the Boteh, and the Gul. These patterns are often used in Persian rugs. The Herati pattern consists of a diamond shape with two flowers in each corner. The Boteh pattern is a teardrop shape with a flower in the centre. The Gul pattern is a hexagon with a star in the centre.
The weaving techniques used can also be helpful in identifying a rug. Hand-woven rugs typically have a tighter weave than machine-made rugs. The type of knot used can also be helpful in identifying a rug. Persian rugs are usually made with the asymmetrical Persian knot, while Turkish rugs are more likely to be made with the symmetrical Turkish knot.
All of these factors can be helpful in identifying a rug. However, the most important factor is the design. The design of a rug can give you many clues about its origins and history. Other factors that can help you identify a rug include the materials used, the colours, the patterns, and the weaving techniques. Once the rug has been identified we will then proceed to the Persian rug cleaning process.
PERSIAN RUG CLEANING – INITIAL DUST REMOVAL
The rug will initially be vacuumed with a regular vacuum cleaner and then treated for dust and particles (anything that is not water soluble like soil, grit, hair or other debris).
A machine which is sometimes called a rug badger is used to gently beat the rug to agitate and remove these particles.
This process will be carried out along the length and width of both sides of the rug and it will then be vacuumed again to ensure that all particles are removed
WASHING A PERSIAN RUG
When it comes to Persian rug cleaning we use traditional hand cleaning methods at RL Rose. We use cold water when cleaning your rug because Hot water can damage the fibres and cause the colours to bleed. We use a gentle detergent made from plant-based material designed for delicate fabrics. We never use any harsh chemicals or abrasive cleaners, as these can also damage the rug. Our trained cleaners brush the rug using horse hair brushes to ensure a thorough and even clean from corner to corner.
The washing process is repeated several times (depending on how soiled or marked the rug is) and both sides will be cleaned. Rugs are cleaned on a stable, plastic permeable base which allows dirty water to run away as required.
PERSIAN RUG CLEANING – INITIAL WATER REMOVAL
If a Persian rug is wet or damp, it is important to squeegee the water off as soon as possible. Letting water sit on a rug allows mould or mildew to grow on the fibres. To squeegee the water off we use a soft squeegee with a long handle, starting at one end of the rug and work our way towards the other end. This is repeated in both directions and along and across the rug. Both sides of the rug will be dried in this way to ensure that as much water is removed as possible.
PERSIAN RUG CLEANING – THE DRYING PROCESS
A Persian rug is a beautiful and intricate piece of art, and it can last for generations but only with proper care. An important part of Persian rug cleaning is ensuring that it is properly dried after wet treatment. Hanging a rug outside to dry is the best way to ensure that it dries evenly and completely. Before the rug is dried, we ensure that the pile is brushed lengthways so that it dries with the pile in the right direction.
- Rugs are hung on drying racks in the shade, out of direct sunlight. Ultraviolet rays can damage the fibres of your rug and cause fading.
- Rug are always hung in well-ventilated places (ideally outside). A breeze will help speed up the drying process and prevent mould or mildew from forming on your rug.
- The drying racks allow the maximum surface area of the rug to be exposed to the air at any time ensuring an even drying process in the quickest time possible.
- We check on your rug regularly to make sure that it is drying evenly, turning it over to make sure both sides dry at the same speed.
- Once dry, if your rug is outside, we bring your rug inside. We do not leave it hanging outside for extended periods of time, as this can cause damage from weather or pests.
PERSIAN RUG CLEANING – INSPECTION & SPOT TREATMENT
Once the rug is dried, we will then give it thorough inspection to identify and remaining spots or stains. If extra treatment is required, to clean the rug or fringe then it is applied at this stage and, if necessary, the rug will be returned to the drying rack or room following the treatment to dry off again.
PERSIAN RUG CLEANING – FINISHING TOUCHES
Once all cycles of Persian rug cleaning have been completed, the rug will be given a final vacuum to ensure all dust is removed and then packaged ready for return to you, the client.
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